Influenza: Recommended vaccinations
  General recommendation
  Recommendation for specific groups only
  Catch-up (e.g. if previous doses missed)
 
Vaccination not funded by the National Health system
 
Mandatory vaccination
MonthsYears
67-2326121315161718455455596064≥ 65
Austria
IIV
IIV/LAIV1
IIV/LAIV2
IIV/Newer IV3
Belgium
IIV44
IIV45
Bulgaria
IIV6
Croatia
IIV47
IIV48
Cyprus
IIV39
IIV39
IIV310
Czech Republic
IIV411
IIV412
Denmark
IIV413
Estonia
IIV46
Finland
IIV/LAIV14
IIV4
France
IIV4
Germany
IIV415
Greece
IIV3
IIV3
Hungary
IIV3
Iceland
IIV416
Ireland
IIV4/LAIV17
IIV418
IIV419
Italy
IIV320
IIV3
Latvia
IIV3
IIV3
Liechtenstein
IIV321
Lithuania
IIV322
Luxembourg
IIV4
Malta
IIV323
IIV3
Netherlands
IIV424
Norway
IIV425
IIV4
Poland
IIV3
IIV3
Portugal
IIV3
Romania
IIV3
Slovakia
IIV3
IIV3
Slovenia
IIV426
IIV427
IIV4
Spain
IIV28
IIV29
Sweden
IIV330
IIV330

Footnotes:

  1. The influenza vaccination is available for the first time for children from the age of 6 months to the age of 15 year old as part of the free child vaccination program.
  2. LAIV vaccine may be used up to 18 year old.
  3. For people aged 65 and over and people with certain diseases or therapies (especially those that limit the function of the immune system), special vaccines are recommended that contain a potentiator (or - if available - a higher dose of antigen). https://www.sozialministerium.at/Themen/Gesundheit/Impfen/Impfplan-%C3%96sterreich.html
  4. For individuals with certain medical conditions or a weakened immune system, which may put them at risk of complications from influenza (from 6 months and over). For pregnant women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy at the time of the influenza season. For healthcare workers. For institutionnalised persons. For persons living under the same roof as individual at risk of complications from influenza (including pregnant women, institutionnalised persons and people aged 65 years and over) en children less than 6 months. https://www.vaxinfopro.be/spip.php?rubrique28&lang=fr&retour=1
  5. https://www.vaxinfopro.be/spip.php?rubrique28&lang=fr&retour=1
  6. Annual vaccination. Recommended but not free of charge.
  7. Recommended for risk-groups only
  8. IIV4 recommended for high-risk individuals.https://www.hzjz.hr/sluzba-epidemiologija-zarazne-bolesti/pocinje-cijepljenje-protiv-gripe-za-sezonu-2020-2021/
  9. Vaccines only given on specific indications.
  10. annual vaccination
  11. For at-risk groups of any age. Recommended only. The vaccination is covered by the health insurance. In addition, there is a general recommendation for whole population. This vaccination is not covered by the health insurance.
  12. Recommended only. The vaccination is covered by the health insurance.
  13. https://www.ssi.dk/vaccinationer/influenzavaccination The InfluvacTetra vaccine may be used for vaccination of children as from three years of age, whereas the VaxigripTetra is approved for use in children as from six months of age. In addition, a third influenza vaccine, Fluzone, which is a high-dose 3-valent vaccine, will be used. Fluzone is available to a limited extent and will be offered to citizens aged 85 or above, as this vaccine is considered more effective for the oldest age groups compared to the two 4-valent standard-dose vaccines
  14. During the influenza season 2020–2021, the vaccination programme offers Injectable VaxigripTetra vaccine for all age groups FluenzTetra nasal spray vaccine for children aged from 2 to 6 years
  15. Annual vaccination
  16. Annual vaccination (IIV4 introduced in 2020 to replace IIV3)
  17. LAIV is recommended in children aged 2-12 year old. https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/immunisation/pubinfo/flu-vaccination/flu-vaccine-for-children/ https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/immunisation/hcpinfo/fluinfo/
  18. Flu vaccine is strongly recommended for pregnant women (vaccine can be given at any stage of pregnancy), adults and children aged 6 months and older with specific conditions. More information available at: https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/immunisation/pubinfo/flu-vaccination/flu-vaccine-for-people-with-long-term-conditions/
  19. The vaccine is free of charge, but administration fees may be charged to patient (based on income and eligibility for free healthcare)
  20. For individuals at increased risk. More information available at: http://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_2571_allegato.pdf
  21. Annual vaccination.
  22. Annual vaccination for risk groups: healthcare workers, pregnant women, >=65 years old, persons <65 years with chronic diseases and/or living in social care and nurse facilities.
  23. Recommended to: persons suffering from diabetes; persons with chronic disease of the lungs, liver, kidneys; persons who are on long-term systemic steroid medication; persons who are having chemotherapy or radiotherapy; persons with HIV/AIDS?
  24. https://www.rivm.nl/en/flu-and-flu-jab
  25. Both quadrivalent inactivated injection vaccine (IIV, from 6 months of age) and live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV, from 2 to 17 years of age) are approved for use in Norway. More information available at: https://www.fhi.no/nettpub/vaksinasjonsveilederen-for-helsepersonell/vaksiner-mot-de-enkelte-sykdommene/influensavaksinasjon---veileder-for/
  26. Children 6-23 months, recommended, self-paid
  27. Pregnant women
  28. IIV3 or IIV4 depending on the Region. Recommended during pregnancy. More information available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/prevPromocion/vacunaciones/VacGruposRiesgo/docs/Mujeres_embarazadas_puerperio.pdf
  29. IIV3 or IIV4 depending on the Region. Annual vaccination. Also risk groups detailed at https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/prevPromocion/vacunaciones/Vacunacion_Gripe.htm
  30. Funding varies by region